What Is A Military Security Clearance Worth?
Unfortunately, there is no real way to place a specific dollar value on a Confidential clearance, Secret security clearance, or Top Secret Clearance since jobs, requirements, and credentialing will vary. However, some studies including the report by ClearanceJobs. In order to have your current clearance recognized at another job there must be reciprocity from the gaining agency.
The U. As mentioned above, the security clearance you obtain for military duty purposes is technically only good for the agency that granted the clearance unless there is reciprocity issued from a new hiring agency. That means the background check or re-investigation must have taken place in the last five years for a Top Secret clearance, and within the last 10 years for a secret clearance.
Normally this also requires there be no break in service of more than two years. In the wake of high-profile classified data leaks including the controversies surrounding Julian Assange and Edward Snowden, a White House review suggested reforms to the security clearance process.
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One part of those suggested reforms was a reduction in the number of federally employed people with security clearances. How big was that reduction? According to the ClearanceJobs. All applicants for federal positions, including summer interns and volunteers, must undergo a suitability review.
TS and SCI Clearance Investigation and Adjudication
Suitability differs from assessing whether a person is qualified for a federal job in terms of experience, education, knowledge, and skills. The agency first determines whether a position is sensitive or non-sensitive. Low Risk positions involve duties that have limited impact on the integrity and efficiency of the agency.
Moderate Risk positions have the potential for serious impact, while High Risk positions have the potential for exceptionally serious impact. The kind of investigation conducted for a suitability review varies with the level of risk. Federal agencies are drug free workplaces and even paid summer interns will often be asked to undergo a urinalysis for drug testing; drug testing for volunteers is discretionary with the agency and not typically required.
Neither volunteers nor summer interns are ordinarily required to have BIs. A suitability determination does not convey access to classified information. A security clearance is different than a suitability review. A security clearance is designed to determine eligibility for access to classified national security information and entails an evaluation of whether an individual is a security threat e.
The security clearance process typically includes an FBI reference check of former employers, coworkers, friends, neighbors, landlords, and schools along with a review of credit, tax, and police records. The sponsoring agency decides the level of clearance needed and requests the appropriate level of investigation. The scope of the background investigation varies depending on the level of clearance required.
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The results of these investigations are sent to the sponsoring agency, which will either approve or deny the clearance based on the information in the background investigation. There are three levels of security clearances which correspond to the sensitivity of the information to which the applicant will have access. The three levels, in ascending order of sensitivity are: Confidential information that could cause damage to national security ; Secret information that could cause serious damage to national security , and Top Secret information that could cause exceptionally grave damage to national security.
In addition, there are some Special Access Programs that are commonly associated with higher levels of security, which require access to information that is particularly vulnerable and demand even greater security clearance; Sensitive Compartmented Information is one common category of information requiring greater scrutiny before access can be approved.
The assessment considers factors that could cause a conflict of interest and place a person in a position of having to choose between commitment to the United States, including commitment to protect classified information, and another compelling loyalty. The clearance process for Secret level access uses an investigation called the National Agency Check with Law and Credit that goes back five years, while the clearance process for Top Secret uses a Single Scope Background Investigation that goes back ten years.
Background Investigation Costs for FY 2018
Various reasons exist why someone may be denied a security clearance. There are 13 adjudicative guidelines that have been established for making these individual assessments under 5 CFR The guidelines include: allegiance to the United States, foreign influence, foreign preference, sexual behavior, personal conduct, financial considerations, alcohol consumption, drug involvement, psychological conditions, criminal conduct, security violations, outside activities, and misuse of information technology systems.
Under 5 CFR As a result, negative information about one area of concern may not be sufficient for an unfavorable determination. Investigations that require other record checks, reference interviews, or subject interviews are sent to field investigators, either federal agents or contract investigators. The FBI conducts agency BI investigations as well as investigations on high level Presidential appointments, cabinet officers, agency heads, and White House staff.
This change is not expected to affect the requirements of the background check process. The questionnaire or SF that initiates a background check will be mailed to successful applicants.
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However, you may wish to review these questionnaires prior to applying to make sure that you are comfortable with the inquiry and to raise any questions you may have in a timely manner. Click here , then select Standard Forms to find the various numbered forms mentioned below. The questionnaires vary with the different divisions and the types of positions.
How Much Does a Security Clearance Cost?
It is the form most commonly required from law student interns. It asks for personal identifying data as well as criminal records, illegal drug involvements, financial delinquencies, mental health counseling, alcohol related incidents and counseling, civil court actions, misuse of computer systems, and subversive activities for seven to ten years with some questions having no time limit. The SF is the form commonly used by Department of Justice to request investigations for its attorneys.
The most common suitability issues that arise during the suitability review process are past unlawful use of drugs and failure to comply with financial obligations. SF, for example, requests information regarding illegal drug use, supplying, possession, or manufacture in the last year. Other more sensitive forms request more extensive information on illegal drug activity, possibly extending back for seven to ten years. Credit checks are also done routinely. Security Clearance Process. Discussion anon Oct 11, '17 pm Mr Marko, do you figure that the cost is higher for agencies that conduct their own investigations rather than going through OPM?
Marko Oct 11, '17 pm No idea about how IC agencies calculate the cost of doing their own investigations, but I would surmise it is higher because of the level, depth and scope. Continue the discussion.
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