Randolph county nc matters of record


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The county court heard minor civil matters, usually debt-related, by the justices of the peace. It also handled misdemeanors, probate, levying and expending of local taxes, matters dealing with public works buildings, roads, bridges, ferries, and mills , summoning and selection of jurors, and many other local matters. In , the county superior court assumed these responsibilities and the court of pleas and quarter sessions was abolished. Although minutes from the county court provide valuable genealogical information, they are usually unindexed.

You can fill in gaps in the local records by using files from the Supreme Court of North Carolina. The General Court heard appeals from the county court. It also heard original cases for all criminal cases punishable by loss of life or limb.

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Sometimes the General Court would hear large estate probate, especially if it consisted of land in several counties. In , three district courts were added, and the district courts replaced the General Court in The ourts did not function during the period of to , but after they resumed, the county courts assumed probate matters.


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In Superior Courts in each county replaced the district courts. These courts usually presided over serious criminal cases or civil cases involving large amounts of money. When the county courts were abolished in , they assumed all county matters. While it operated, equity cases could only be heard in the Court of Chancery. This included division of land between partners, enforcement of contracts, and other non-criminal cases. The district courts took over equity cases in , and the equity system was completely abolished in by the new state constitution.

The court used to be served by the district superior court judges; however, in , Supreme Court justices began being chosen by election. In cases that were appealed to the State Supreme Court before the twentieth century, the entire case file was usually transferred to the higher court. In the mid-to-late eighteenth century, North Carolina still had a large amount of unsettled land.

This drew immigrants from Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. Some of the land that Virginia granted to its citizens was actually over the North Carolina border, which was not clear until the border was surveyed by Colonel William Byrd of Westover. It was not difficult to patent land in North Carolina. A person desiring land would submit an application, or land entry, to the land office. A warrant was then issued by the land officer, who could have been the secretary of state — , the agents of Earl Granville —76 , or the county entry taker —present.

The land was then surveyed according to the warrant and a plat was sketched. This plat was filed in the land office until After that time, the plat would be recorded by the register of deeds. Finally, the land patent was issued and recorded. The North Carolina State Archives has indexes for land grants and related matters. If you write to the archives, include in your request the full name of the grantee and the county in which the grant was made.

It can be searched online to access the index for the Granville grants and other miscellaneous papers: www. There is a card catalog of grants of deeds in the Search Room. This collection is also on microfilm at the FHL on reels. During the proprietary period — the headright system was used by the Lords Proprietors grant land. Virginia first established the standard headright at fifty acres per person, and the Carolinas adopted this standard around Before this, land was granted on a sliding scale of one hundred acres to heads of families and six acres to women servants whose terms had expired.

Those who did not have headrights could purchase land from the governor in tracts of acres or less. Those with headrights had to be in North Carolina for two years before they could sell their right. This was done to keep people in the colony.

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North Carolina became a royal colony when seven of the proprietary shares were sold to King George II in The headright system continued, but in it was modified to again allow one hundred acres for the head-of- household. The first land office was opened by the Crown in , six years after the Crown purchased the province. It was partially surveyed at the time of its creation in for John Carteret, second Earl Granville.

Although the Earl owned all unsettled lands, he could not govern them. He never visited the colony, but appointed agents to represent him in North Carolina, to grant land, collect rents, and conduct other business. In , the Granville land office opened. Libraries with genealogical collections throughout the country carry publications of these grants.


  • Guide to the Worth family papers, 1844-1955 and undated!
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  • The land that was formerly owned by the Crown and Earl Granville was granted to the state of North Carolina after the revolutionary war. Up to acres of land that was unsettled could be claimed by a settler. For a fee of two pounds ten shillings per hundred acres, he could claim another hundred acres for his wife and each minor child.

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    If he claimed more than the stipulated allotment, he would have to pay an additional land cost of five pounds per hundred acres. If a land sale was between two individuals, the county would usually record the transaction in a county deed boos. Most of these books are partially indexed. However, most counties in North Carolina also have general indexes to grantees and grantors to make research easier. Many early North Carolina deed books have also been abstracted and published. Libraries with genealogical collections will usually carry copies of these publications.

    See Also Guide to U. Land Records Research. Probate records include both wills and estate records. Sometimes these records are found in bound books that are recorded under various titles. The county will normally have these books, but the North Carolina State Archives and the FHL also have many of the records on microfilm.

    Randolph County Clerk of Court

    North Carolina State Archives may have surviving original wills and loose estate papers for each county as well. These are organized by county, then alphabetically by the decedents surname and may be examined in the Search Room of the archives. Before , the secretary of state filed North Carolina Wills.

    After , they were filed by counties. Jurisdiction over probate matters was assumed by the county court from to After , the clerk of the superior court in each county has handled probate. The superior court in each county may have some early probate records, records from before are at North Carolina State Archives.


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      Randolph County, North Carolina Genealogy

      North Carolina used the existing tax systems to collect revenue from its citizens. In the years before , taxes were paid by taxables, tithables, and polls in the equivalent of a head tax. Taxables were defined in as free males that were sixteen years old and over and slaves of either sex who were twelve years or older. In , the state began changing the criteria of different taxes. For example, the poll tax was limited to freeman who did not have a minimum property amount.

      The frequent changes were settled by , and taxes were levied on freemen and male servants age twenty-one and over and all slaves of both sexes between twelve and fifty. The papers of the Worth family of North Carolina contain correspondence, business records, and other papers, pertaining chiefly to family matters, business affairs, opposition to Southern secession, politics in North Carolina, fertilizer manufacturing and marketing, textile industry, Zebulon Baird Vance, and patronage during the early years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency.

      Includes the papers of Jonathan Worth , lawyer and governor of North Carolina, including a few of his official papers as governor during Reconstruction, ; correspondence relating to his business interests and law practice; and letters of Jonathan Worth and Martitia Daniel Worth in the s to a son at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, concerning family matters and the construction of a plank road near Asheboro, North Carolina. Also among the papers identified with him are commissions signed by him as governor and a copy of a newspaper article concerning a speech he delivered at the Negro Educational Convention October 13, and a certification of election returns in Beaufort County October 20, Later papers consist of business records belonging to William Elliott Worth: a ledger, , for William E.

      Worth and Company, dealers in ice, coal, wood, and other merchandise; and records of the Universal Oil and Fertilizer Company, including a ledger, , and a letterpress book, , concerning the manufacture and marketing of various fertilizers, cottonseed oil, and related products. A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 2 full business days in advance for retrieval.

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      Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use.

      Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. The copyright interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. More copyright and citation information.

      The Worth Family papers were received by the David M. Menu Guide to the Worth family papers, and undated. Guide to the Worth family papers, and undated. Summary Prominent family of plantation owners, lawyers, politicians, and businessmen from Randolph County, North Carolina, residing in Asheboro and Wilmington.

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